Posts Tagged ‘bolgarska metoda’

Dragi bralci, preljube bralke,

v prejšnjem prispevku smo si na hitro ogledali bolgarsko metodo olimpijskega dvigovanja uteži, ki jo je uvedel Ivan Abadjiev. V dotičnem prispevku sem tudi omenil, da je bil eden najuspešnejših dvigovalcev, ki se je uril pod budnim Abadjievim očesom, Naim Süleymanoğlu, in ker gre za res prvovrstnega dvigovalca, mislim, da je prav, da mu namenimo (vsaj) krajšo objavo:

Abadjiev’s most famous athlete was featherweight Naim Suleymanoglu who actually defected from Bulgaria to Turkey in December 1986. Over the next 10 years Naim proved to be the greatest lifter in the history of the sport. He was a senior world record holder at 15 (!), at 16 (!) became only the second man to jerk three times body weight and still holds the highest ever Sinclair total. Despite missing the Los Angeles games, where he would have been an overwhelming favourite, he went on to win three Olympic gold medals plus 7 World and 6 European Championships. In Seoul he broke 4 World and 6 Olympic records and won gold by 30kg. His total would have been enough to win the lightweight division against lifters 7.5kg heavier!

(vir)

Še kratka biografija:

Born in Bulgaria of Turkish descent, he was nicknamed “The Pocket Hercules” due to his small stature of 1.47 m (4.8 ft) [meter č’vap, a?]. He is the second of only seven lifters to clean and jerk three times their bodyweight. Suleimanov set his first world record at the age 16 but missed his first chance at Olympic success in 1984 when Bulgaria joined the Soviet boycott of the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics.

Soon afterwards the Communist regime in Bulgaria forced its Turkish minority to adopt Bulgarian names and he became known internationally as Naum Shalamanov (Наум Шаламанов). While on a trip to the World Cup Final in Melbourne in 1986, Suleimanov defected. He resurfaced in Turkey and applied for citizenship. He also changed his name from the Bulgarian Suleimanov/Shalamanov to the Turkish Süleymanoğlu. After the fall of Communism in Bulgaria, his family was able to join him in Turkey.

A battle over which country he would represent in the 1988 Seoul Olympics arose. The Bulgarian government demanded and received $1,000,000 from Turkey to allow him to compete for Turkey. Süleymanoğlu did not disappoint, winning the featherweight gold medal. He retired at the age of 22, after winning the world championship in 1989. However, the allure of competition was too strong and he returned in 1991 before winning a second Olympic gold medal at Barcelona in 1992. Between the Olympiads, Süleymanoğlu continued to win world titles and set records.

The 1996 Olympic Games were to be his swansong and he retired after winning a third consecutive Olympic gold medal in Atlanta at the 1996 Olympic Games.

Süleymanoğlu made another comeback in a late attempt to earn a fourth gold medal at the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney but failed to lift 145 kg, which would have been a World record, and was eliminated from the competition. He was awarded the Olympic Order in 2001. In 2000 and 2004 he was elected member of the International Weightlifting Federation Hall of Fame.e

(vir)

Na priloženem videu bomo videli njegov nastop na olimpijskih igrah v Seulu leta 1988, kjer je – tukaj že za turško reprezentanco – naložil in sunil 190 kg v kategoriji do 60 kg!

Poglejte ta fokus in eksplozivnost! Sapo jemajoče!

Dragi bralci, preljube bralke,

v pred kratkim objavljenem intervjuju z Johnom Brozom je bila večkrat omenjena t.i. “bolgarska metoda” olimpijskega dvigovanja uteži, zlasti v smislu, da Broz na treninigih uporablja “okrnjeno različico” te metode. Ker pa nekateri med vami morda ne veste, o čem je govora, bi verjetno bilo dobro – spodobi se in pravično je -, če nekaj kratkih besed posvetimo tej tematiki. Za kakšno metodo torej gre, če mora neizprosen silak, kakršen je Broz, uporabljati okrnjeno različico? Kot bomo videli, se “zloglasne” bolgarske metode, katere avtor je Ivan Abadjiev, drži sloves brutalnosti in neizprosnosti , saj dvigovalci trenirajo po 6 ur na dan, o véliki učinkovitosti takšnega vadbenega pristopa pa priča dejstvo, da je bolgarska nacionalna reprezentanca, ki je na olimpijskih igrah leta 1968 ostala brez vsakršne medalje, po uvedbi Abadjijevega sistema na naslednjih olimpijskih igrah leta 1972 povsem nadvladala konkurenco in je do konca 80. let postala najuspešnejša reprezentanca v zgodovini olimpijskega dvigovanja uteži.

Naim Süleymanoğlu – najuspešnejši dvigovalec, ki je treniral pod Abadjijevo taktirko

V Science and Practice of Strength Training avtorja Vladimirja Zatsiorskija – eni od tistih knjižnih klasik s področja treninga za moč, ki jo sicer veliko ljudi pozna, a so jo le redki prebrali (in ker selektivno branje izsekov ne šteje za “pre-branje”, avtor pričujočega prispevka nikakor ne misli vreči prvega kamna ;)) – najdemo sledeče:

Bulgarian athletes have several workouts a day with a total duration of up to 6 h (see below). To the best of our knowledge, the weightlifters from Greece and Turkey who were successful at the 2000 and 2004 Olympic Games train similarly. The exercise sessions are limited to 60-min, or even 45-min periods. Two sessions in the morning and two in the afternoon are seperated by 30-min rest intervals. The underlying assumption is that the elevated blood testosterone level can be maintained for 45 to 60 min only and that a 30-min rest is needed to restore the testosterone level. (This assumption is not proven; the precise nature of the elevated testosterone level during a strength workout is not well understood. In general, the elevation may be induced either by increased testosterone production or by a decreased amount of testosterone acceptors in muscles or other tissues.) During the 30-min intervals the athletes may choose to lie down and listen to music. To avoid cooldown, they are warmly dressed; their relaxed legs are slightly raised, supported by a small bench.

(mmg, je kdo opazil, kako Zatsiorskiji v zadnjih dveh stavkih spontano zdrse v starošolski realizem? Dostoevsky would approve! :))

Običajen vadbeni urnik bolgarskih dvigovalcev uteži pa je videti nekako takole:

Time Mon, Wed, Fri Tue, Thurs,Sat
9:00-10:00 Snatch Snatch
10:00-10:30 Rest Rest
10:30-11:30 Clean and Jerk Clean and Jerk
11:30-12:30 Exercise Exercise
12:30-1:00 Rest Exercise
1:00-5:00 Rest Rest
5:00-5:30 Exercise Exercise
5:30-6:00 Exercise Rest
6:00-6:30 Rest Exercise
6:30-8:30 Exercise Rest
Total exercise time 6 h 4.5 h

Opomba: pod “Exercise” sodi osnoven nabor vaj za moč, kot so počepi zadaj, počepi spredaj, mrtvi dvigi, tezna itd. (s tem, da bi tukaj opozoril, da je Abadjiev v svojem najbolj ortodoksno-minimalističnem obdobju iz nabora “pomožnih” vaj izključil vse vaje, ki niso bile neposredno povezane z osnovnimi dvigi, celo počep zadaj!)

Eden od bolgarskih tekmovalcev je o tem, kakšno je življenje, ko treniraš po prikazanem vadbenem režimu, bojda izrekel sledečo misel: “My life is very rich and diversified. It consists of 5 parts – training, compeition, flights, sleep and meals.” Zatsiorski suho pristavi: “This is very close to reality.” 🙂

Bolj zvedavi si lahko več o predstavljeni metodi preberete v tem prispevku.

Dragi bralci, preljube bralke, ko boste naslednjič kolnili nad volumnom vaj, ki jih morata opraviti, se spomnite na bolgarske sotrpine, za katere je glavnina vašega treninga šele ogrevanje. Mislim, da je varno reči, da imajo ti pobje “99 problems, but the bitch ain’t one.” 😉

Vse dobro vam želim,

vaš S.